INDIRA GANDHI MUTHO v. PENGARAH JABATAN AGAMA ISLAM PERAK & ORS AND OTHER APPEALS

[2018] 2 MLRA 1

INDIRA GANDHI MUTHO v. PENGARAH JABATAN AGAMA ISLAM PERAK & ORS AND OTHER APPEALS
Federal Court, Putrajaya
Zulkefli Ahmad Makinuddin PCA, Richard Malanjum CJSS, Zainun Ali, A Samah Nordin, Ramly Ali FCJJ
[Civil Appeals No: 01(f)-17-06-2016(A), 01(f)-18-06-2016(A) & 01(f)-19-06-2016(A)]
29 January 2018

Administrative Law : Judicial review - Exercise of administrative powers - Application challenging decision of Registrar of Muallaf, Perak, allowing conversion of three children into Islam without consent of non-converting parent - Whether conversion of children violated Administration of the Religion of Islam (Perak) Enactment 2004 - Whether Registrar's decision final - Whether Registrar's decision immune from review - Whether supervisory jurisdiction of courts to determine legality of administrative action could be excluded - Whether Registrar acted beyond scope of his power

Islamic Law : Certificates of Conversion - Certificates issued by Islamic religious authorities without consent of non-converting parent - Whether conclusive proof of facts stated therein - Whether certificates of conversion issued without consent of wife contravened art 12(4) of Federal Constitution and ss 5 and 11 Guardianship of Infants Act - Whether s 101(2) Administration of the Religion of Islam (Perak) Enactment 2004 excluded High Court's power to review issuance of certificates of conversion by Registrar - Whether conversion of children contravened ss 96 and 106 of Administration of the Religion of Islam (Perak) Enactment 2004 - Whether certificates of conversion void

Constitutional Law : Courts - Jurisdiction - Conversion of minor non-Muslim children to religion of Islam - Constitutionality of conversion process - High Court quashed appellant's children's certificates of conversion to Islam vide judicial review application - Whether High Court had jurisdiction to determine issue of conversion to Islam - Whether within exclusive jurisdiction of Syariah Court - Whether High Court's decision to review in contravention of art 121 Federal Constitution

Constitutional Law : Fundamental liberties - Right to practice one's religion - Conversion of non-Muslim children to religion of Islam - Conversion at instance of a converting parent - Whether single parent could convert children to Islam - Whether requiring consent of both parents - Whether conversion lawful and constitutional - Federal Constitution, arts 3, 5, 8, 11, 12 - Administration of the Religion of Islam (Perak) Enactment 2004, ss 96, 101, 106

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